Best Beginner’s Guide to Backend Development in 2022

Backend development is the key to the web’s functionality. It performs its function quietly and without fanfare, allowing users to browse their favorite sites without being aware of the development work done by the backend team.

Web applications rely on the backend development languages to handle the underlying logic. Backend development works with the front end to deliver the end product to the end-user. It facilitates the connection of a web service to a database, manages user connections, and powers the web application as a whole.

What Do Backend Developers Do?

Backend developers are primarily responsible for the operation of a website. Programmers write code that emphasizes functionality and logic in the applications they’re working on, and users do not directly interact with the technology they’re working on. The back end consists of applications, databases, and servers.

A backend programmer might be responsible for writing APIs, writing code that communicates with databases, creating libraries, data architecture, developing business processes and more. Often, these activities are determined by the specific role and company.

Backend Programming Languages


Among all programming languages, Java has the highest popularity. Java has been used in smartphones to smart cards. In addition to Java’s versatility, it has also been used by developers for the last 20 years.

Despite Java’s popularity with desktop and business software developers, it is not as beginner-friendly as Python. This is due to it being verbose and requiring a higher level of programming to implement features. This makes it less rewarding for new developers.

As a result of Java’s longstanding popularity and wide range of uses, its community is large. There are likely to be forum threads and online tutorials to answer any questions you might have about the programming language.


Among server-side programming languages, PHP powers 78.2% of all websites. It was first released in 1995 when there were few options for building dynamic websites. Using PHP, you can develop many solutions and workarounds to one problem, as PHP is dynamically typed. Also, the same bit of code can have a different meaning depending on the context, making PHP programs difficult to scale and sometimes slow to run.

PHP is an excellent choice to learn for beginners. It’s more tolerant of errors, as you can compile and run a program until you reach a problematic part. Because of the large community and tool support, there are many resources available for the language. Make sure you learn from a current tutorial because the language undergoes frequent updates.


As a high-level computer language, C# allows developers to create programs independent of a particular computer type. In contrast to machine languages, language like this is more like a human language.

There are many reasons why C# is popular among developers – it has the power of another backend language C++, but it is also easier to use since it error-proofs commands that are likely to trip up C++ developers.

Visual Basic

Visual Basic is a language that makes use of a graphical user interface (GUI) to modify BASIC code. The language’s straightforward syntax and widespread use make it an easy language to learn. This makes it a popular prototyping language.

Coding with this language is limited by a large amount of memory needed to install and run GUI-based development tools. With Visual Basic, you can build desktop applications, mobile apps and web apps. This language also assists while working with big data. 


Using the Ruby on Rails tools, you can create simple tasks quickly. Developers can create and launch applications quickly with Ruby since it requires little backend work. It has many similarities to Python in that it can be used to prototype. In the early 2000s, Ruby grew in popularity as a result. However, its popularity has declined after that. However, Ruby is open source, making it customizable.


There’s a reason Python is the fastest-growing programming language. In addition to web development, Python can also be used for desktop development. It is easy to get started with Python, as there are plenty of online tutorials and guides, like Java.

Additionally, compared to other backend languages, its syntax is simple and easy to understand. Users of Python have praised it as having “elegant,” “readable,” and “beautiful” code


This is a programming language used in databases known as Structured Query Language. This language provides the ability to handle information using tables and to query those tables and other objects including views, functions, procedures etc. The majority of databases handle the data by using this language with some extensions and variations, such as SQL Server, MySQL, Oracle, and MariaDB. SQL is used for inserting, deleting, and updating data. Database objects can be created, deleted, or altered using SQL.


The JavaScript language can be used on the front end as well as on the back end of applications. Beginners may find it to be a great language for learning because it is a higher-level language with minimal setup. You can use it right from your browser.

Objects created in this language are slow since the language is so flexible. In addition to these limitations, it isn’t easy to maintain and scale, like most dynamically typed languages. However, JavaScript is prevalent everywhere, so you’ll have access to plenty of resources and opportunities for employment if you have command over JavaScript backend technologies.

Another Thoughtful Read: The Ultimate Guide to Mobile App Development

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